Company Secretary Courses And Subjects

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Company Secretary Courses

The Company Law Board initiated a course in the year 1960 which is a Diploma in Company Secretary ship by the Government. As a result, the Institute of Company Secretaries of India stretched in the year 1969. These come under the regulation of the Companies Act in 1956 of Section 25. As per the Act of 1980, this was converted into a constitutional organization.

The Course lineup the knowledge in the field of legal affairs and commercial economic filed with the contemporary practice.
The aim of this Course’s is to expand and control the business.

* Foundation Course – 1st Stage: This is for the individual; he should pass the exam of Higher Secondary to meet up the eligibility criteria.

* Intermediate Course – 2nd Stage: The Intermediate Course which the individual should pass the foundation phase.

* Final Course – Last Stage/Final Course: The Final Course which the individual should clear all the two stages accurately to become a successful Company Secretary.

These are the all the 3 stages to be successfully completed

Eligibility Criteria:

Who and how an individual can pursue

* One should have passed his/her Higher Secondary examination or Intermediate Examination in order to pursue the Company Secretary courses.

* Those who are already a graduate and have cleared post graduation in Cost Accountancy or Chartered Accountancy has an advantage which is they can directly apply for the Intermediate stage of company secretary.

Training after Courses of Company Secretary:

After successfully clearing all the stages of the examinations; candidates have to go for a practical training for 16 months in order that the individual becomes the member of the Institute of the CSI and the person will be allocated a Professional Membership Number.

Extra Qualities:

* The person must be devoted and he/she should accomplish the good writing and speaking English skills

* He/she should also attain a moral character

* He/she should be able to understand the strategies and policies of the company. In a straight way he/she should become diplomatic person and should also be intellectual, elegant, loyal and meticulous as well.

Subjects Covers:

* Basic Economics
* Business Communication
* English
* Financial Accounting
* Company Law
* Management Accounting
* General and Commercial Law
* Corporate Secretarial practice
* Banking and Insurance
* World Trade Organization
* Corporate Restructuring
* Human Resource Management and Industrial Relation
* International Trade
* Joint Ventures and Foreign Collaborations and many more


Retirement Planning for Small Business 3 options

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Wondering if your business is too small for a group retirement plan?

One of the keys to attracting and retaining top employees is to offer a high-quality retirement plan. A group savings plan conveniently helps employees save money for the future while reducing and deferring taxes today. Plus, the investment you make in a group retirement plan is an investment you make in your organization, your employees and your reputation. Everyone’s a winner.

Three options stand-out depending on what you want to accomplish with your plan and how much flexibility you need. These are: 401(k) plans, SEP IRAs and SIMPLE IRAs.

The 401(k) Offers the Most Flexibility and High Contribution Limits The traditional 401(k) is probably the most widely known retirement product on the market. It’s the fully loaded, high performance SUV of retirement plans. It’s generally defined as one that enables a business owner and employees to make consistent, tax-deferred contributions during the length of their careers.

SEP IRAs are Pretty Easy to Start and 100% Funded by the Employer Simplified Employee Pensions, more commonly referred to as SEPs, are also a popular retirement plan choice as they offer a contribution limit that’s similar to a 401(k). It doesn’t have all the bells and whistles of a 401(k) plan, but it’s got a good engine under the hood. One of the most important things to understand about SEPs is that 100 percent of the contributions made are by the employer (no employee contributions allowed) and these dollars are immediately vested for the employee.

The SIMPLE IRA is a Solid, Affordable Third Option

The SIMPLE IRA’s name is a bit misleading (it actually stands for Savings Incentive Match Plan for Employees). While both employer and employee can contribute to the plan, the employer must match and matching is vested immediately.

If you do decide that you want to offer a retirement plan, you are definitely going to need some professional advice and guidance. Pension rules are complex, and the tax aspects of retirement plans can also be confusing.

As a financial planning and wealth management professional firm, Mintco Financial has been helping its clients effectively plan for comfortable retirements.

Michael Minter, as a managing partner of Mintco Financial, is a trusted investment management professional who carries more than 16 years of experience in this challenging career field.

Throughout his professional history, Michael Minter has gained strong insight into what skills and knowledge is necessary to perform investment management, wealth building services, small business development and retirement plans.

Michael MInter is also author of the book I-Plan, a guide for your financial security.

Call Michael Minter at 813-964-7100 at Mintco Financial.

Retirement Planning for Small Business


Adopting Mobile Cloud Accounting Technology Into The Financial Workplace

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How technology has affected the financial department in organisations?
Theres no doubt that new cloud technology has had an incredible impact on todays workplaces, particularly those who work in, or are involved with the financial aspects of an organisation. Over the last few decades, new and different technology has been injected into the workplace at an ever increasing rate. One of these is the use of the mobile device.

Smart phones, netbooks, iPads and other such tablets detach us from our desks and give us the freedom to roam with our work. Imagine using a cloud-based accounting and finance system. This would allow you to review budgets or produce financial reports from the garden, a taxi, or even on holiday. Having access to your financial data and information, whenever is suitable for you and wherever you are, cant be a bad thing for business.

Managing the accounting and finance function on the go
Most businesses have adopted mobile technology in some way or another, as its hard to ignore the lure of the high mobility and other strengths that come with cloud computing, particularly for accounting and finance professions. Smart phones started this revolution, and they are now an important device for the hard working professional. But now, the tablet device has enhanced our mobile experience even more. Theres more mobility offered than we get with laptops, and the screen is bigger than you get with smart phones, making it all the more easier to view and analyse your financial budgets, reports, expenditure, etc

Tablets enhance user experience
How many times have you been in a finance or board meeting and someone has requested some information that you can only provide once youre back at your desk? Well, with a tablet or any mobile device its right at your fingertips. It can be discussed straightaway, a decision taken and communicated to the business without you leaving your meeting.

With easy access to email, calendar and contacts built in to most devices, the most simple business functions are now easy to get up and running in a few easy steps. Add on many of the freely available apps and you have a fully functioning business tool.

Where next?
All mobile devices are tools that should ultimately enable, not disable business. So if you find a cloud-based accounting and finance system that allows you to work on the go, and allow other people access to the information they need without needing your help, then the way organisations are run can change for the better.


Messagesolution Releases Enterprise Email Archive 5.6 At Microsoft’s Teched Conference

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MessageSolution, Inc., the leading innovator in email and file archiving for electronic discovery, litigation support, compliance, and storage management launched the next version of its award-winning Enterprise Email Archive product line – Enterprise Email Archive 5.6 at Microsoft TechEd 2008 in Orlando, Florida. Held annually, TechEd is the premier technical education conference.

“With the release of MessageSolution Enterprise Email Archive 5.6, legal counsels, internal auditors, executives, and IT administrators have access to a more user-friendly design and an extremely feature-rich workflow, said MessageSolution CTO Jeff Liang.

The new version of Enterprise Email Archive delivers more powerful archive intelligence tools for internal auditors and executives, including drill-down analysis and comprehensive reports. Adding to Enterprise Email Archive 5.6s visual appeal is the ability to create ad hoc professional-style reports from the archives built-in logs and audit trails. Businesses can now clearly illustrate internal record-keeping statistics and easily share reports with colleagues.

Along with improved business intelligence reporting, Enterprise Email Archive 5.6s expanded litigation support features enable businesses to protect corporate intelligence while optimizing storage resources, Liang continued.

Enterprise Email Archive 5.6s enhanced litigation support features include the ability to apply classifications and unique retention policies to case-relevant emails for litigation hold. Enterprise Email Archive 5.6s email classification, privileged email management, and advanced tagging functionalities will help businesses streamline the processing of large volumes of data.

MessageSolution has helped organizations worldwide facilitate the entire legal discovery process, with everything from targeted data search to collection of electronic documents, deposition hold, and complete preparation for the final trial presentation, said Liang.

Enterprise Email Archive 5.6s notation feature also allows legal counsels to share case-relevant information about archived items without impacting archived data in any way. Legal professionals, internal auditors, and end-users can speed along discussions of archived data for litigation events, internal audits, or even business-critical projects.

About MessageSolution:

MessageSolution is the top provider of email, file, and instant message archiving, electronic discovery, compliance, and content storage management. MessageSolution’s products enable organizations to mitigate risk, reduce costs and storage requirements, optimize server performance, and comply with industry and federal regulations. Based in Silicon Valley, California, MessageSolution maintains operations in North America, Europe, and Mainland China, along with distribution channels in Europe, South Africa, Australia, and Asia Pacific.

MessageSolution’s award-winning products, Enterprise Email Archive and Enterprise File Archive, are cross-server onsite archiving software applications. Both products serve organizations across all industries, including finance, health care, education, manufacturing, government agencies and non-profit organizations worldwide. MessageSolution’s products free IT administrators from daily maintenance and increase overall employee productivity.


How to Find a Great Law Firm

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A lot of people really hesitate when it comes to finding a lawyer or attorney to help them through a certain legal procedure. There seems to be this stereotype made in Hollywood that all lawyers and attorneys are liars and cheats. However, this definitely isn’t the truth. If you don’t know anything about a certain law or legal procedure, the only way to get through it is by hiring a great law firm such asKirkpatrick & Associates in Covington and other similar law firms. However, with so many different law firms out there, it can get a little difficult to find the right one for you. This article will explain how you can find the right law firm for you. Evaluate Your Situation >

First of all, before you even start looking for actual law firms, you’ll want to determine what kind of legal services you need. What kind of situation are you in, and what kind of lawyer or attorney do you need to hire? If you can figure out what kind legal services you need beforehand, you’ll be better able to focus and find the right law firm when the time comes. Start Your Research

Your next step will be to start your actual research. Ask for recommendations from people you know and trust that have had recent interactions with a law firm that offers services similar to what you need. You’ll also want to search the Internet for local options that have high ratings. Meet with Firms

Finally, you’ll want to take some time to meet with a couple of different law firms to make your final decision. A good law firm likeKirkpatrick & Associates in Covingtonand other similar firms will be more than happy to accommodate your visit and will offer you a free initial consultation with their attorneys or lawyers so you can make your decision on who you want to hire. Kirkpatrick and Associates () ONLY does bankruptcies. Every day, we help people get out from under debts of all amounts. So far, we’ve wiped out over $50 million in debt. Go to Kirkpatrick & Associates in Covington to view the page!


Personal Financial Check-up

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Like our own body, our own financial also need to do a check-up regularly so that our financial will be in nice and safe situation. For the company, they must do the audit in every year but very less individual make their own financial audit. Why? because we are not aware about it. Most of us just running our life day by day, month by month, year by year just it is without asking or try to explore whether their financial status is in a safe situation or not.

Personal Financial Check-up is a simple method of analysis to study and explore our own financial situation so that it will be in the safe situation and secure. To make an analysis, we need to write down all of our assets and liabilities in a spreadsheet, then the data will analyzed to produce the result. By the result, then we can see whether our current own financial is in a good situation or not.

After that, we can work accordingly. We may have to do some adjustment somewhere to make sure that we can achieve whatever target we plan to achieve. Without a nice planning, it is almost impossible to get what we a planed or you may get what you plan but it will take too long to get it.

What is the benefit of Personal Financial Check-up?

For sure I will guarantee you that you will get a lot of benefit when you do that check-up. You no need to hired a professional financial consultant to check your financial. Actually, you can do by yourself. What you have to do is only just to get the your own financial information and put it down in the spreadsheet and try to explore it. In specific, by using this method you can get all these benefits: –

* You will know where your financial situation now
* When you know your financial situation, you can make an action accordingly
* When you do the right action, your financial will be safe and secure
* Your short and long term financial will be in a healthy place
* You will be free from debt or at least reduce it
* You will optimizing your assets or your money
* You can cut any consumption that it is maybe not necessary or just wasted your money
* You can multiply your money
* Lastly…you can retired with a stress free…enjoy the life along the way


How A Website Monitor Can Save Your Companys Profits

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Website downtime is frustrating. Theres no doubt about it. It causes stress on the part of the website operators and on the part of the customers who are trying to access the site. Stress and frustration, however, are just the beginning of the problem when it comes to unnecessary website outages. For each and every minute that your site is down, that downtime is costing you money. One way to ensure that your sites downtime isnt costing you any more than is necessary is to implement the use of a website monitoring service.

How Can a Website Monitoring Service Help?

So how can a website monitoring service help your company when it comes to lost profits? The first thing you need to understand is that when it comes to website downtime, every minute counts. Each minute equates to lost money. How much money you lose depends on how much your website nets each day and what time of the day your site goes down.

Lets say, for example, that your website makes $15,000 per day and $5,000 of that is between the hours of 3PM and 6PM. This means that between those hours your site is earning approximately $28 per minute. If your site goes down at 2PM and you dont find out about it until 2:15, you just lost $420 before you even know about the site outage. Had you been utilizing a website monitoring service, you would have known the moment that the site went down putting you to work faster to get the site back up and running and saving you lost profits.

Utilizing a Website Monitoring Service to Keep an Eye on Your Web Host:

In addition to letting you get to work immediately when your site goes down, a website monitoring service can help you keep an eye on the performance of your web host. If you utilize a website monitoring service and that service notifies you almost daily that you are experiencing some downtime, you know theres a problem that needs to be addressed. Whether that means fixing a bug with your site, upgrading to a better hosting plan, or switching web hosts altogether, at least you will know that something must be done.

Dont Throw Away Profits:

Some site owners steer away from website monitoring services because they want to avoid the charges associated with a quality service. The truth is that website monitoring services can actually pay for themselves over time. Using the example mentioned above, that $420 you would lose without a website monitoring service may be more money than you would spend to pay for a service for the entire year.

Dont be penny wise and dollar foolish. Understand that a website monitor is an investment in the security of your sites profits and make sure downtime doesnt eat away at a large percentage of your bottom line.


Serious Entrepreneurs Use Social Media Without Being Annoying

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Every serious entrepreneur is aware of the power of Internet marketing. However, a majority of them still consider online marketing to be related to the company website, email and online ads. While these online mediums make a significant part of the internet market, there has been a revolution in the last five years in the online world that has given birth to another powerful medium social media or social networking.

Social media or social networking can be defined as group of activities that combine technology with social interaction. Some of the common tools that are being used for social networking are LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter, Orkut, MySpace, YouTube, and Digg. However, not many entrepreneurs have been able to use social media effectively and a large number of them have been successful in annoying their potential customers. They fail to realize that social networking sites are a place for social interaction and not a place to peddle your products by spamming the entire community.

Serious entrepreneurs take time to learn the etiquettes and rules of each social media and focus on building lasting relationships. They make sure that they do not end up making any wrong move that may get them blacklisted or ejected from the community. They establish relationships that may become their loyal customer base but their main motive is to not only make money but also make great friends.

Serious entrepreneurs understand the significance of social media thoroughly and understand how it can help them grow. Lets see how:

Social media creates a level playing field between an entrepreneur and a Fortune 500 company.
Social networking sites provide access to professionals and potential partners who you cannot reach out to in the real life.
Social media sites give every serious entrepreneur an opportunity to show that he or she cares about the community.
It broadens your target market by breaking geographical barriers and enables you to have customers, partners, and suppliers all over the world.
Social networking can be a great marketing tool for entrepreneurs who are not good at communicating in real life.
Social media is one of the most effective as well as economical tool for conducting marketing research on your target customers.

So, if you are a serious entrepreneur who has been waiting on the side-lines watching other businesses grow with the help of social media, it is time that you, too, join these communities and test the waters. However, it is advisable that you do your research and take time to learn each of the social networking tools to minimize any error that may annoy others.

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Information from Appleton Child Custody Lawyer What Is Child Custody Modification

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If you are thinking of modifying a child custody agreement, you should consult an esteemed Appleton child custody lawyer.

An Appleton child custody lawyer can assist you in different junctures of child custody cases. This means you may also use their services when child custody modification is required. Are you not aware of the true meaning of child custody modification? If yes, then reading through this article is important for you. Here, we have discussed in brief the meaning of child custody modification and its components.

About Child Custody Modification

The term -child custody modification- is used to describe the act of altering the terms of child custody agreements. Requests for such modifications can be submitted by any one or both parents of the child in question. At times, the modification gets worked out privately and then submitted to court of law for approval. However, there are also situations when one parent is taken to the court by the other for requesting a modification. Alterations done to a child custody agreement is always supervised by the judge and he (the judge) ensures that the best interest of both parents is preserved.

When a Child Custody Modification Is Required?

You may need to file for child custody modification due to a wide variety of reasons. Two of the most common situations when request for child custody modification is submitted are when the child in question expresses his or her wish of changing custody arrangements and when one parent changes his or her location (for instance move to another country or state). Under certain circumstances, modifications might also be ordered by the court; for example modification might become mandatory if terms and conditions of the original custody agreement are violated.

While determining the kind of changes to be incorporated in custody agreement both parties need to consider what would be best for the child in question. For instance, they should think about things like distance from school and places the child visits for an after-school activity.

Can a Lawyer Help?

Yes a lawyer can surely help you in making the right changes in the original child custody agreement. However, for that you must hire the services of an experienced and qualified Appleton child custody lawyer. If your friends and relatives cannot recommend any names, you should search the internet carefully for gathering names of attorneys working in your city and specializing in child custody cases. The legal expert you hire for this purpose should have thorough knowledge about the child custody laws in your state.

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Learn The Dividend Policy In Financial Management

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Results Plan in Financial Management

Dividends are those incomes which are distributed among stockholders of a company. These incomes are compensated either in money or in stock, usually on a monthly basis and may be compensated only out of maintained income, not from invested investment. Dividends are only compensated when the corporation’s success can assistance this pay out. The more and frequent the corporation’s success, the frequent the transaction of returns. The amount of dividend compensated for each discuss is determined by the corporation’s policy towards them. Organizations are not required lawfully to pay returns, but to keep the traders interested in the company, the control pays out dividend, though the percentage of returns per discuss can differ from season to season, as it is determined by the success of the company.

There are other aspects also which choose the transaction of dividend in the company. These include corporate amount of development, limited covenants, income stability, degree of financial debt and tax aspects.

Dividend Policy
Dividend Plan is essential in dealing with certain aspects such as:
Influences the investors’ decisions: Community which wants to invest in a company will look for two aspects, the success of the company and the overall amount of development of the company. Earnings will determine the corporation’s dividend payout amount and of course amount of development of the company is also an essential aspect. So, a company seeking excellent investor assistance shall have to choose a dividend policy which can keep the traders happy.

Impact on financial program and investment funds of a company: Results policy is one of the aspects impacting a corporation’s financial and investment funds. The income of a company associated with a quarter or a season are usually taken into consideration. These incomes are either saved as maintained income or they can be compensated out. Retained income are excellent source of generating internal financial. A company cannot in many circumstances save 100% of the income or pay out 100% of the income as returns. Many a times, it needs to reach a balance between dividend payout amount and maintained income amount. The rates can be 50: 50, 60:40, 70:30, etc.

A company cannot afford paying out great dividend rates every season. Instead, it can adopt a low dividend payout amount which can be helpful during the years of low income as well.
High dividend amount will affect the income of the company. Companies with poor assets amount cannot pay out dividends because of less option money.
High dividend amount will decrease the stockholders’ value, since returns are compensated from maintained income. The result is higher financial debt to value amount.